Cooperative Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks Over Correlated Log-Normal Shadowing

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Executive Summary

A fundamental component to enable Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) capabilities in the future generation of wireless communication systems is the design of robust and efficient spectrum sensing methods to detect licensee users transmitting in a given frequency band. In this context, collaborative methods have been proposed to improve spectrum sensing capabilities over wireless channels, by counteracting shadow - fading phenomena via distributed diversity. However, recent results have shown that the expected benefits of cooperation, which are obtained at the expenses of increased traffic overhead and the need for a control channel, may be significantly hampered when the signals sensed by the cooperative users experience correlated shadow - fading.

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