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Coverage-Guaranteed Sensor Node Deployment Strategies for Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

Deployment quality and cost are two conflicting aspects in wireless sensor networks. Random deployment, where the monitored field is covered by randomly and uniformly deployed sensor nodes, is an appropriate approach for large-scale network applications. However, their successful applications depend considerably on the deployment quality that uses the minimum number of sensors to achieve a desired coverage. Currently, the number of sensors required to meet the desired coverage is based on asymptotic analysis, which cannot meet deployment quality due to coverage overestimation in real applications. In this paper, the authors first investigate the coverage overestimation and address the challenge of designing coverage-guaranteed deployment strategies.

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