Coverage in Two-Tier Cellular Networks With Fractional Frequency Reuse

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Fractional Frequency Reuse (FFR) is an interference management technique well-suited to OFDMA-based cellular networks wherein the cells are partitioned into spatial regions with different frequency reuse factors. These techniques are of further relevance when considered in the context of heterogeneous networks whose performance is often limited by intercell and inter-tier interference. To date, FFR techniques have typically been evaluated through system-level simulations using a hexagonal grid for the base station locations. This paper instead focuses on analytically evaluating the two main types of FFR deployments - Strict FFR and Soft Frequency Reuse (SFR) - using a Poisson point process to model the access point locations.