Cramer-Rao Lower Bounds for Hybrid Distance Estimation Schemes
This paper presents Cramer-Rao Lower Bounds (CRLBs) for hybrid distance estimation algorithms, i.e., for Received Signal Strength (RSS) and Time Of Arrival (TOA) as well as for RSS and Time Difference Of Arrival (TDOA) measurements. The CRLBs are first evaluated with a simple channel model that consists of Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN), Path Loss (PL), and Shadow Fading (SF) in contrast to previous works. Several different CRLBs are dereived as the SF can be treated as nuisance parameter. Further, the authors apply the CRLBs to the WINNER II channel model and to current communication systems.