Creating An EU-level Supervisor For Cross-border Banking Groups: Issues Raised By The U.S. Experience With Dual Banking
The European Union (EU) has been facilitating the growth of cross-border banking groups, but bank supervision remains the responsibility of national supervisors. This mismatch has long been recognized and various proposals have been offered to address this weakness. An alternative that would retain the most important advantages of full centralization is that of centralization only for those cross-border groups that are systemically important. All other banks would remain national responsibilities. To identify some of the issues (but not necessarily the best answers) raised by partial centralization in the EU, the authors look to the dual banking arrangements in the United States, which has long had both federal and state charters.