Cross-Input Learning and Discriminative Prediction in Evolvable Virtual Machines

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Executive Summary

Modern languages like Java and C# rely on dynamic optimizations in virtual machines for better performance. Current dynamic optimizations are reactive. Their performance is constrained by the dependence on runtime sampling and the partial knowledge of the execution. This paper tackles the problems by developing a set of techniques that make a virtual machine evolve across production runs. The virtual machine incrementally learns the relation between program inputs and optimization strategies so that it proactively predicts the optimizations suitable for a new run. The prediction is discriminative, guarded by confidence measurement through dynamic self-evaluation.

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