Networking

CRP: A Routing Protocol for Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks

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Executive Summary

Cognitive Radio (CR) technology enables the opportunistic use of the vacant licensed frequency bands, thereby improving the spectrum utilization. However, the CR operation must not interfere with the transmissions of the licensed or Primary Users (PUs), and this is generally achieved by incurring a trade-off in the CR network performance. In order to evaluate this trade-off, a distributed CR routing Protocol for ad hoc networks (CRP) is proposed that makes the following contributions: explicit protection for PU receivers that are generally not detected during spectrum sensing, allowing multiple classes of routes based on service differentiation in CR networks, and scalable, joint route-spectrum selection.

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