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The authors are concerned with the situation in which a wireless sensor network is deployed in a region, for the purpose of detecting an event occurring at a random time and at a random location. The sensor nodes periodically sample their environment (e.g., for acoustic energy), process the observations (in the case, using a CUSUM-based algorithm) and send a local decision (which is binary in nature) to the fusion centre. The fusion centre collects these local decisions and uses a fusion rule to process the sensors' local decisions and infer the state of nature, i.e., if an event has occurred or not. The main contribution is in analyzing two local detection rules in combination with a simple fusion rule.
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