D-SAR: A Distributed Scheduling Algorithm for Real-Time, Closed-Loop Control in Industrial Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks
Current wireless standards and protocols for industrial applications such as WirelessHART and ISA100.11a typically use centralized network management techniques for communication scheduling and route establishment. However, large-scale centralized systems can have several drawbacks. They have difficulty in coping with disturbances or changes within the network in real-time. Large-scale centralized systems can also have highly variable latencies thus making them unsuitable for closed-loop control applications. To address these problems, this paper describes D-SAR, a distributed resource reservation algorithm which would allow source nodes to meet the Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirements of the application in real-time, when carrying out peer-to-peer communication.