Data Fragmentation Scheme in IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

The IEEE 802.15.4 Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol is designed for low data rate, short distance and low power communication applications such as Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). However, in the standard 802.15.4 MAC, if the remaining number of backoff periods in the current superframe are not enough to complete data transmission procedure, the sensor nodes hold the transmission until the next superframe. When two or more sensor nodes hold data transmission and restart the transmission procedure simultaneously in the next superframe, it causes a collision of data packets and waste of the channel utilization. Therefore, the MAC design is inadequate to deal with high contention environments such as densely deployed sensor networks.

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