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This paper develops an optimal decentralized algorithm for sparse signal recovery and demonstrates its application in monitoring localized phenomena using energy-constrained large-scale wireless sensor networks. Capitalizing on the spatial sparsity of localized phenomena, compressive data collection is enforced by turning off a fraction of sensors using a simple random node sleeping strategy, which conserves sensing energy and prolongs network lifetime. In the absence of a fusion center, sparse signal recovery via decentralized in-network processing is developed, based on a consensus optimization formulation and the alternating direction method of multipliers.
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