Decentralized Target Tracking Based on a Weighted Extended Kalman Filter for Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

This paper presents a Weighted Extended Kalman Filter (WEKF) for target tracking in wireless sensor networks, where the location estimation is formulated as a Weighted Least Squares (WLS) problem by taking weights of the local estimates based on the reliability of distance estimation and the WLS problem is solved in an iterative, decentralized manner based on the WEKF. The authors adopt a Message Passing (MP) algorithm for inter-sensornode communication and for adaptively selecting the participating sensor nodes as the target moves around the area. During each iteration, a participating sensor node computes a target's location estimate and passes it on to the next participating sensor node for processing to generate a new location estimate.

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