Detecting Unsafe BGP Policies in a Flexible World

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Executive Summary

Internet Service Providers (ISPs) need to balance multiple opposing objectives. On one hand, they strive to offer innovative services to obtain competitive advantages; on the other, they have to interconnect with potentially competing ISPs to achieve reachability, and coordinate with them for certain services. The complexity of balancing these objectives is reflected in the diversity of policies of the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), the standard inter-domain routing protocol. Unforeseen interactions among the BGP policies of different ISPs can cause routing anomalies. In this paper, the authors propose a methodology to allow ISPs to check their BGP policy configurations for guaranteed convergence to a single stable state.

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