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As Voice over IP (VoIP) increasingly gains popularity, traffic anomalies such as the SIP flooding attacks are also emerging and becoming into a major threat to the technology. Thus, detecting and preventing such anomalies is critical to ensure an effective VoIP system. The existing flooding detection schemes are inefficient in detecting low-rate flooding from dynamic background traffic, or may even totally fail when flooding is launched in a multi-attribute manner by simultaneously manipulating different types of SIP messages. In this paper, the authors develop an online scheme to detect and subsequently prevent the flooding attacks, by integrating a novel three-dimensional sketch design with the Hellinger Distance (HD) detection technique.
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