Detection of Slow Malicious Worms Using Multi-Sensor Data Fusion

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Executive Summary

Detection of slow worms is particularly challenging due to the stealthy nature of their propagation techniques and their ability to blend with normal traffic patterns. This paper, proposes a distributed detection approach based on the Generalized Evidence Processing (GEP) theory, a sensor integration and data fusion technique. With GEP theory, evidence collected by distributed detectors determines the probability associated with a detection decision under a hypothesis. The collected evidence is combined to arrive at an optimal fused detection decision by minimizing a cumulative decision risk function. Typically, malicious traffic flows of varying scanning rates can occur in the wild, and the difficulty in detecting slow scanning worms in particular can be exacerbated by interference from other traffic flows scanning at faster rates.

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