Disability, Pension Reform And Early Retirement In Germany

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The aim of this paper is to describe for (West) Germany the historical relationship between health and disability on the one hand and old-age labor force participation or early retirement on the other hand. The authors explore how both are linked with various pension reforms. To put the historical developments into context, the paper first describes the most salient features and reforms of the pension system since the 1960s. Then they show how mortality, health and labor force participation of the elderly have changed since the 1970.