Distributed Optimal Rate-Reliability-Lifetime Tradeoff in Wireless Sensor Networks
The transmission rate, delivery reliability and network lifetime are three fundamental but conflicting design objectives in energy-constrained Wireless Sensor Networks. In this paper, the authors address the optimal rate-reliability-lifetime tradeoff with link capacity constraint, reliability constraint and energy constraint. By introducing the weight parameters, they combine the objectives at rate, reliability, and lifetime into a single objective to characterize the tradeoff among them. However, the optimization formulation of the rate-reliability-reliability tradeoff is neither separable nor convex. Through a series of transformations, a separable and convex problem is derived, and an efficient distributed Subgradient Dual Decomposition algorithm (SDD) is proposed. Numerical examples confirm its convergence.