Do Some Enterprise Zones Create Jobs?

Date Added: Jul 2009
Format: PDF

The authors study how the employment effects of enterprise zones vary with their location, implementation, and administration, based on evidence from California. They use new establishment-level data and geographic mapping methods, coupled with a survey of enterprise zone administrators. Overall, the evidence indicates that enterprise zones do not increase employment. However, the evidence also suggests that the enterprise zone program has a more favorable effect on employment in zones that have a lower share of manufacturing and in zones where managers report doing more marketing and outreach activities.