Do We Need Any More Hierarchical Structures? Combining Vertical And Shared Leadership Considering The Organizational Culture, Structures And Processes

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In spite of decades of leadership research and numerous leadership theories no unequivocal recipe for success could be found for the leading of employees. Complex tasks, increasing competitive pressure and insecurity complicate this because innovative and flexible activities are not possible in rigid hierarchical structures. The expectations of highly qualified employees with regard to their supervisors have changed, while the wish for a stronger exhibit of their knowledge, as well as more independent decisions, and have been encouraged. According to Drucker knowledge in the new reality is the most important resource of the society and knowledge workers which present the dominant group of the work force.