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This paper introduces the design of a Domain-Specific Service-Oriented Reference Architecture (DS-SORA) for disasters and Emergencies Management (4EM). It also gives an overview of the features of the emergency management knowledge. Reference Architecture (RA) models and uses abstract elements in a domain and thus it is possible to have several RAs at different levels of the same domain. The main concern of the stakeholders is to have a reasonable viewpoint for defining the data and information needed for decision-making in emergency situations. The principles of defining the domain-specific reference architecture are presented here and the authors give a short discussion on the service model.
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