Dual Amplitude-Width PPM for Free Space Optical Systems

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The PPM (Pulse Position Modulation) is commonly used in Free Space Optic (FSO) systems owing to its power efficiency, but it shows a rapid decline in spectral efficiency with increase in the power efficiency and moderate data rate. In order to improve these two parameters, the authors present a modified modulation scheme of the existing PPM, on the basis of PPM, PAM (Pulse Amplitude Modulation) and PWM (Pulse Width Modulation). This modified version called DAWPPM (Dual Amplitude-Width PPM). The average power requirements, bandwidth efficiency and normalized data rate are studied after introducing symbol structure.