Dual-Based Bounds for Resource Allocation in Zero-Forcing Beamforming OFDMA-SDMA Systems
The authors consider multi-antenna base stations using orthogonal frequency-division multiple access and space division multiple access techniques to serve single-antenna users. Some users, called real-time users, have minimum rate requirements and must be served in the current time slot while others, called non real-time users, do not have strict timing constraints and are served on a best effort basis. The Resource Allocation (RA) problem is to find the assignment of users to subcarriers and the transmit beamforming vectors that maximize the total user rates subject to power and minimum rate constraints. In general, this is a nonlinear and non-convex program and the zero-forcing technique used here makes it integer as well, exact optimal solutions cannot be computed in reasonable time for realistic cases.