Dynamic Field Estimation Using Wireless Sensor Networks: Tradeoffs Between Estimation Error and Communication Cost

Date Added: Jan 2010
Format: PDF

This paper concerns the problem of estimating a spatially distributed, time-varying random field from noisy measurements collected by a wireless sensor network. When the field dynamics are described by a linear, lumped-parameter model, the classical solution is the Kalman - Bucy Filter (KBF). Bandwidth and energy constraints can make it impractical to use all sensors to estimate the field at specific locations. Using graph-theoretic techniques, the authors show how reduced-order KBFs can be constructed that use only a subset of the sensors, thereby reducing energy consumption. This can lead to degraded performance, however, in terms of the Root Mean Squared (RMS) estimation error.