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TCP was mainly developed to be deployed within wired networks. Recently, many researches have studied its performance within Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs). The research results found that TCP performance are highly influenced by the characteristics of such networks. This is due to the manner that TCP uses to implement reliability and its inability to distinguish between different packet loss reasons. Indeed, unlike wired networks, where packet loss is mainly caused by network congestion, in MANETs the authors could have many other reasons to lose a data packet.
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