Efficient Load Sharing Routing Algorithm to Increase Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are low power networks which have many small nodes. The nodes are low power sensors interconnected to each other to receive and transmit data from source to sink. By the transferring of data, the power of these nodes reduces and eventually the system dies. In this paper, the authors introduce an efficient load sharing routing technique to increase the life time of all the nodes in a way to get maximum efficiency from the network. The routing algorithms such as link state which are used for wireless sensor networks prefer to choose a low cost path to decrease the transmission time but they do not consider the power of nodes for transmission which sometimes result in reduction of a lifetime of a network.