Date Added: Sep 2012
Wireless networks such as Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) have many advantages compared to wired networks. In MANETs the communication is not limited to a certain geometrical region. Swarm Intelligence based ACO algorithms provide interesting solutions to network routing problems. ACO based routing in MANETs will enhance the reliability and efficient packet delivery. They help in reducing control overhead due to their inherent scalable feature. The similarity between ant and nodes, colony and Wireless network helps to use ACO based routing in MANETs. The termite algorithms contains several tunable parameters and methods to automate the selection of optimal routes for different network conditions. However, termite doesn't contain methods for determination of QoS, route maintenance, load balancing, etc.