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In this paper, the authors show that it is sufficient to rate limit the single-hop nodes in order to give transmission opportunities to all other nodes. Based on this observation, they develop a new rate limiting scheme for 802.11 mesh networks, which counters the spatial bias effect and does not require, in principle, any control overhead. Their rate control mechanism is based on three key techniques. First, they exploit the system's inherent priority nature and control the throughput of the spatially disadvantaged nodes by only controlling the transmission rate of the spatially advantaged nodes. Namely, the single-hop nodes collectively behave as a proxy controller for multi-hop nodes in order to achieve the desired bandwidth distribution.
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