Enabling Multi-Hop Concurrent Transmissions in 60 GHz Wireless Personal Area Networks
Millimeter-Wave (mmWave) communications is a promising enabling technology for high rate (Giga-bit) multimedia applications. However, because of the high propagation loss at 60 GHz band, mmWave signal power degrades significantly over distance. Therefore, a traffic flow being transmitted over multiple short hops can attain higher throughput than that over a single long hop. In this paper, the authors first design a hop selection metric for the PicoNet Controller (PNC) to select appropriate relay hops for a traffic flow, aiming to improve the flow throughput and balance the traffic loads across the network. They then propose a Multi-Hop Concurrent Transmission (MHCT) scheme to exploit the spatial capacity of mmWave WPANs by allowing nodes to transmit concurrently in communication links without causing harmful interference.