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Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks (CRSNs) are the next generation Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) that mitigate overcrowded unlicensed spectrum bands by opportunistically using temporally unoccupied unlicensed and licensed spectrum bands. In this paper, the authors propose a new Energy- and Cognitive-radio-aware Routing (ECR) protocol that addresses the unique challenges in CRSNs, including dynamic spectrum access, single transceiver, and energy constraint. In particular, their proposed routing protocol performs joint node-channel assignment by taking energy into consideration, is aware of cognitive radio at the network layer, and can seize spectrum opportunity in other spectrum bands. They present a simple analytical model of the proposed ECR in the viewpoint of network-wide energy and compare it with that of the Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol.
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