Energy Aware Greedy Subset Selection for Speech Enhancement in Wireless Acoustic Sensor Networks

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A wireless acoustic sensor network is envisaged that relies on a collection of spatially distributed microphones, which observe a speech signal together with additive background noise. The microphone signals are sent to a fusion center where they are filtered and combined to produce an estimate of the speech signal. In order to save energy and extend network lifetime, it is desired to only have a subset of the microphones active at any one moment. This subset selection unfortunately comes with the adverse effect of decreasing the accuracy of the signal estimation. Since the network now has two competing objectives a trade-off develops that balances the energy consumption to estimation accuracy.