Energy Aware Reliable Routing Protocol (EARRP) for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Using Bee Foraging Behavior and Ant Colony Optimization
Energy aware reliable routing in mobile ad hoc networks is an astonishing task and in this paper, the authors propose to design, develop such protocol which will be a good solution. For developing such protocol EARRP, two swarm intelligence techniques are involved namely ant colony optimization and bee colony foraging behavior. For optimization, the authors proposed adaptive solutions in order to estimate MAC overhead, link eminence and residual energy. After estimating the above said metrics, the fitness function is derived out. The performance metrics taken are overhead, delay, packet delivery ratio and total energy consumed by nodes. By simulation results the proposed EARRP outperforms AODV by reducing energy consumption, overhead and delay. Also EARRP gains better packet delivery ratio than that of AODV.