Energy Cooperation in Energy Harvesting Wireless Communications
The authors consider a simple multi-hop communication scenario composed of a source node, a relay node and a destination node where the source and the relay can harvest energy from the nature. Energy required for communication arrives (is harvested) at the transmitter and an unlimited battery stores it before being consumed for transmission. In addition, the source can assist the relay by transferring a portion of its energy to the relay through a separate energy transfer unit. They address this energy cooperation between the source and the relay in a deterministic setting. Assuming that the source and the relay nodes are informed of the energy arrivals in advance, they find jointly optimal offline energy management policies for the source and the relay that maximize the end-to-end throughput.