Energy Efficiency of Collaborative Communication with Imperfect Frequency Synchronization in Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

Collaborative communication produces significant power gain and overcomes the effect of fading. With imperfect frequency synchronization significant but slightly less than N2 power can be achieved. As the N increases more power gain can be achieved at the expense of more circuit power. In this paper an energy consumption model for collaborative communication system with imperfect frequency synchronization is proposed. The model to calculate the energy consumed by the sensor network for local communication and communication with base station is presented. Energy efficiency model for collaborative communication for the off-the shell products (CC2420 and AT86RF212) are presented. It is also shown that significant energy can be saved using collaborative communication as compared to traditional SISO (Single Input Single Output) for products.

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