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Energy storage is quickly becoming the limiting factor in mobile pervasive technology. For intelligent wearable applications to be practical, methods for low power activity recognition must be embedded in mobile devices. The authors present a novel method for activity recognition which leverages the predictability of human behavior to conserve energy. The novel algorithm accomplishes this by quantifying activity-sensor dependencies, and using prediction methods to identify likely future activities. Sensors are then identified which can be temporarily turned off at little or no recognition cost. The approach is implemented and simulated using an activity recognition data set, revealing that large savings in energy are possible at very low cost (e.g. 84% energy savings for a loss of 1.2 pp in recognition).
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