Date Added: Aug 2012
A mobile ad-hoc network which does not use a wired network and base station system is composed of a group of mobile and wireless nodes. There are various types of restrictions. The biggest restriction is the confined energy of the batteries. In recent years, mainly focused on the shortest path method to minimize energy, which might result into network failure because some nodes might exhaust fast as they are used repetitively, while some other nodes might not be used at all. This can lead to energy imbalance and to network life reduction and much research has been under taken to not only improve the Energy storage but also to lengthen the networks Lifetime.