Energy-Efficient Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks
An ad-hoc network is a Local Area Network (LAN) that is built spontaneously as devices connect. Instead of relying on a base station to coordinate the flow of messages to each node in the network, the individual network nodes forward packets to and from each other. In Latin, "Ad-hoc" is actually a Latin phrase that means "For this purpose." It is often used to describe solutions that are developed on-the-fly for a specific purpose. In computer networking, an ad-hoc network refers to a network connection established for a single session and does not require a router or a wireless base station. In this paper, the three routing protocols are studied i.e., AODV, DSR, DSDV.