Energy Efficient Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks With Multiple Mobile Base Stations
One of the main design issues for a sensor network is conservation of the energy available at each sensor node. The authors propose to deploy multiple, mobile base stations to prolong the lifetime of the sensor network. They split the lifetime of the sensor network into equal periods of time known as rounds. Base stations are relocated at the start of a round. Their method uses an integer linear program to determine new locations for the base stations and a flow-based routing protocol to ensure energy efficient routing during each round. They propose four evaluation metrics and compare their solution using these metrics.