Energy Management Policies for Passive RFID Sensors With RF-Energy Harvesting

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Executive Summary

A critical performance criterion in backscatter modulation-based RFID sensor networks is the distance at which a RFID reader can reliably communicate with passive RFID sensors (or tags). This paper proposes to introduce a Power Amplifier (PA) and an energy storage device (such as a capacitor or a battery), in the hardware architecture of conventional passive RFID tags, with the aim of allowing amplification of the backscatter signal to increase the read range. This new tag architecture, referred to as Amplified Backscattering via Energy Harvesting (ABEH), can still be considered as passive, since the energy storage device is charged exclusively by harvesting energy from the RF-signal transmitted by the reader and received by the tag during idle periods.

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