Enhanced Gain and Bandwidth of Patch Antenna Using EBG Substrates

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Executive Summary

Microstrip patch antenna becomes very popular day by day because of its ease of analysis and fabrication, low cost, light weight, easy to feed and their attractive radiation characteristics. Although patch antenna has numerous advantages, it has also some drawbacks such as restricted bandwidth, low gain and a potential decrease in radiation pattern. In recent years, attention to use Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG) substrates to overcome the limitations of patch antenna. In this paper, the authors propose a rectangular microstrip patch antenna with EBG substrates and compare the performance of the proposed antenna with a conventional patch antenna in the same physical dimension.

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