Enhancement of Directivity of Rectangular MicroStrip Antenna Using Multilayer Multidielectric Structure
In this paper the directivity of microstrip patch antenna is enhanced by using covered dielectric layer which is separated from feed patch by air as an another dielectric. Here two patches, one feed patch and one parasitic patch are used to enhance the directivity and bandwidth and whole structure resonates at their resultant frequency which is in the ISM band. Air is used as dielectric between feed patch and ground plane as well as between feed patch and parasitic patch. The dimensions of feed patch are adjusted to achieve desired resonant frequency. In this microstrip antenna the coaxial probe feed technique is used for its simplicity. This antenna structure is simulated using zeland IE3D software package and effects of physical parameters are investigated.