Date Added: Nov 2009
Solutions that offered integrated management of data and software were specifically developed for large companies. But with time it was replaced by standard software suites for managing each business function of the enterprise - manufacturing, sales, human resources and finance. As these software suites required new hardware platforms and communication protocols that became more complex, unreliable and expensive to maintain, an 'Integrated' software suite was formed. This integrated software suite utilized a shared Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) that remained independent. Software constructed using relational databases and managing processes proved extremely beneficial for the companies as it performed three important functions of the company Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP). This paper describes the role of integrated data management in business operations, from administration to research through commercial development and production. The management of information by ERP systems became extremely popular among vendors, especially BI vendors. As ERP systems were unable to integrate the needs of research departments into their functionality, it was replaced by Research Resource Planning (RRP). RRP solutions made use of a shared relational database and were able to manage complex business processes. Therefore, ERP systems became extremely useful as they guaranteed the completion of activities in the timeline expected and assured traceability of tasks and IT security. Business Intelligence (BI) tools that the system made use of greatly helped in improving the decision making of management.