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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and Integration of Purchase, Inventory and Sale Processes: Proposition of a Common Minimal Model

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Executive Summary

After illustrating the contribution of information systems (especially ERP - Enterprise Resource Planning) in the supply chain optimization imposed by the current context of modern companies, this paper defines a theoretical framework for the purchase, inventory and sale processes according to the standard APICS (Advanced Productivity, Innovation and Competitive Success - The Association for Operations Management). Then it brings out the main ERP functionalities that satisfy the requirements resulting from the above-mentioned theoretical framework. Finally it proposes a common minimal model (that implements the purchase, inventory and sale processes) adopted by the most known ERPs (SAP, Oracle, JDEdwards, Sage).

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