Error-Resistant Differential Feedback of Long-Term Covariance Matrix in Closed-Loop MIMO

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Executive Summary

One method of obtaining channel information for closed-loop SU-MIMO or MU-MIMO is for the mobile to feed back a covariance matrix based on the measured downlink channel. However for MU-MIMO to be able to operate properly (i.e., have low crosstalk), the covariance matrix must be fed back with fairly high precision which would result in a very high level of overhead. This paper describes two new methods for feeding back accurate covariance matrix estimates from a mobile to a base station with low overhead, while being very robust to transmission errors. System-level results show that one of the proposed feedback methods has performance very close to an unquantized covariance matrix when the feedback bit error rate is less than 10%.

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