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Wireless Sensor Applications (WSNs) are often required to simultaneously satisfy conflicting operational objectives (e.g., latency and power consumption). Based on an observation that various biological systems have developed the mechanisms to overcome this issue, this paper proposes a biologically-inspired adaptation mechanism, called MONSOON. With MONSOON, each application is designed as a decentralized group of software agents. This is analogous to a bee colony (application) consisting of bees (agents). Agents collect sensor data on individual nodes, and carry the data to base stations. They perform this data collection functionality by autonomously sensing their local and surrounding environment conditions and adaptively invoking biological behaviors such as pheromone emission, replication, reproduction and migration.
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