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Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is a great innovation of modern technology. In such network each mobile node operates not only as a host but also as a router and does not rely on any pre-established infrastructure. There are two transport layer protocols: UDP and TCP. Both of these are responsible for hooking up the programs that are communicating with each other, whereas the underlying IP is simply responsible for getting the packets from machine to machine. Because nodes in Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) are forwarding packets for each other, some short of routing protocols is necessary to make the routing decisions.
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