Exploiting Phase-Change Memory in Cooperative Caches
Modern servers require large main memories, which so far have been enabled by improvements in DRAM density. However, the scalability of DRAM is approaching its limit, so Phase-Change Memory (PCM) is being considered as an alternative technology. PCM is denser, more scalable, and consumes lower idle power than DRAM, while exhibiting byte-addressability and access times in the nanosecond range. Unfortunately, PCM is also slower than DRAM and has limited endurance. These characteristics prompted the study of hybrid memory systems, combining a small amount of DRAM and a large amount of PCM. In this paper, the authors leverage hybrid memories to improve the performance of cooperative memory caches in server clusters.