Extending the Capability of Energy Detector for Sensing of Heterogeneous Wideband Spectrum
Reliable spectrum sensing is the very task upon which the entire operation of the cognitive radio rests. Energy detection is one of the solutions that have been proposed for enabling opportunistic spectrum access but its capability has limited sensitivity, no resolution and requires high sampling rate when employed in the detection of wideband heterogeneous spectrum. This paper proposes a solution that can extend the capability of traditional energy detector to wideband sensing with improved performance. The solution involves the use of parallel detection circuitry with each tuned to different frequencies. The decision of each detection circuit can then be used to create a spectral map of the entire spectrum.