Extracting the Windows Clipboard From Physical Memory
When attempting to reconstruct the events leading up to a cyber-security incident, one potentially important piece of information is the clipboard. The clipboard has been present in Windows since Windows 3.1 and is the mechanism for transferring information from one application to another through copy and pasting actions. Being able to retrieve the last file copied or the last password used may provide investigators with invaluable information during a forensic investigation. This paper describes the Windows clipboard structure and the process of retrieving copy/paste information from Windows XP, Vista, and Windows 7 (both 32 bit and 64 bit) memory captures with data from applications including Notepad, Microsoft Word, and Microsoft Excel.