Fairness and Network Capacity Trade-off in P2P IEEE 802.22 Networks
Wireless Regional Area Networks(WRAN), IEEE 802.22 standard, adopts a centralized cellular topology including Base Station (BS) and Customer-Premise Equipments (CPEs). However this may lead to limited network capacity, since every CPE needs to communicate to the BS and only one channel can be used to communicate in the whole cell per time slot with one BS antenna. Peer to Peer WRAN (P2PWRAN) was proposed to circumvent this, where CPEs can communicate with each other directly. P2PWRAN increases network capacity compared to the standard WRAN because of spatial reuse. Multiple communication channels can be simultaneously allocated and reused in one time slot by the BS and multiple CPEs.