Fairness Aware Resource Apportionment in Downlink MIMO-OFDMA Systems
Efficient apportionment of signaling dimension between users is a key design aspect of both uplink and downlink channels, since bandwidth is usually scarce and/or very expensive. This paper deals with the rate adaptive MIMO-OFDMA (Multiple Input Multiple Output-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) downlink resource apportionment. It has an objective of maximizing the total system capacity subject to constraints on total power, bit error rate and proportional fairness. The proposed algorithm determines the number of subcarriers for each user and then assigning the subcarrier to each user. Using SVD (Singular Value Decomposition), the MIMO fading channel of each subcarrier is transformed into an equivalent bank of parallel SISO (Single Input Single Output) subchannels, which leads to a better trade-off strategy among system capacity, computational complexity and proportional fairness.